Tuesday 18th, June 2024
canara news

How teenagers learn differently than adults

Published On : 11 Oct 2016


New York, (IANS) An adolescent's ability to learn and form memories is closely linked to the reward-seeking behaviour of the brain, researchers have found.

"Studies of the adolescent brain often focus on the negative effects of teenagers' reward-seeking behaviour," said Daphna Shohamy, Associate Professor of psychology at New York's Columbia University.

However, the study found that this tendency may be tied to better learning as well as a critical feature of adolescence and the maturing brain.

"We identified patterns of brain activity in adolescents that support learning -- serving to guide them successfully into adulthood," Shohamy added.

For the study, the team involved 41 teenagers and 31 adults and scanned the brains of each participant with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while they were performing the learning tasks.

The fMRI analysis revealed an uptick in hippocampal (brain's memory centre) activity for teenagers -- but not adults -- during reinforcement learning -- a reward signal that helps the brain learn how to repeat the successful choice again.

Moreover, that activity seemed to be tightly coordinated with activity in the striatum -- a critical component of the brain's reward system.

The researchers also slipped in random and irrelevant pictures of objects into the learning tasks, such as a globe or a pencil.

When asked later on, both adults and teens remembered seeing some of the objects. However, only in the teenagers the memory of the objects was associated with reinforcement learning.

"The findings showed that teenagers do not necessarily have better memory, in general, but rather the way in which they remember is different," Shohamy said.

The results of this research were published in the journal Neuron.







More News

Mother-daughter conflict ups suicide risk in abused teen girls: Study
Mother-daughter conflict ups suicide risk in abused teen girls: Study
Novel wearable ultrasound patch monitors BP inside body
Novel wearable ultrasound patch monitors BP inside body
Mental health may not ruin teenagers' friendships: Study
Mental health may not ruin teenagers' friendships: Study

Write your Comments

Disclaimer: Please write your correct name and email address. Kindly do not post any personal, abusive, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent, discriminatory or unlawful or similar comments. canaranews.com will not be responsible for any defamatory message posted under this article.

Please note that under 66A of the IT Act, sending offensive or menacing messages through electronic communication service and sending false messages to cheat, mislead or deceive people or to cause annoyance to them is punishable. It is obligatory on CANARANEWS to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments, to the authority concerned upon request.

Hence, sending offensive comments using canaranews will be purely at your own risk, and in no way will canaranews.com be held responsible.